F. HAZARDOUS MATERIAL INCIDENT

The Baton Rouge metropolitan area is highly industrialized where multiple risks of hazardous material exist. The University is bordered on by the Mississippi River on the west, a major petrochemical plant on the south, a major highway which serves as a main thoroughfare for the transportation of chemical and petroleum products, and two (2) major railroad routes on the east. More petrochemicals plants, a municipal landfill, a hazardous waste disposal company and a nuclear power plant are located further north of the campus.

1. Off-Campus Release

A major off-campus release could require sheltering or evacuation of all or part of the campus. The implementation of this protective action on the campus will be closely coordinated with the Parish EOC to ensure the timely integration of the traffic flow from the University campus into the routing designated by the Parish.

2. On-Campus Incident

If you create or discover a spill or release and are unable to control or clean up the spill, someone is injured or ill, or there is fire or an explosion this is an emergency and you should:

a. Close off area to prevent further contamination, and restrict access to the area.

b. Activate fire alarm.

c. Evacuate building or area.

d. Follow Building Evacuation Procedures.

e. Immediately report any spill or release of a hazardous chemical, from a safe location using the Hazardous Material Release/Spill Report.

f. Call University Police and provide:

􀀻 Your name

􀀻 Name of material spilled, if known

􀀻 Estimated amount

􀀻 Exact location of spill

􀀻 Report injuries

􀀻 Actions you have taken

g. Once outside, move to an area that is at least 300 feet away from the affected building, and not downwind. Keep streets and walkways clear for emergency vehicles and crews.
 

DO NOT RETURN TO AN EVACUATED BUILDING unless authorized by responding emergency personnel.

If the release or spill of hazardous material is "minor" and capable of being cleaned up without the assistance of emergency personnel, the following steps should be taken:

h. Wear respiratory protection and other appropriate personal protective equipment. Check the Material Safety Data Sheet for specific instructions.

i. If a flammable material, eliminate all sources of ignition in the area. This may involve shutting off electrical power and vehicular or motorized equipment in the area.

j. Clean spill area with appropriate cleaning solution. (Check MSDS).

k. Should decontamination be required for employees or other personnel exposed to hazardous materials, contact the University Chemical and Hazardous Material safety Officer for assistance.

3. Radioactive Spill Response

If a spill of radioactive material cannot be controlled or cleaned up with available resources, results in a person being injured and/or there is a fire or explosion, the Emergency Response Plan should be activated:

Immediate Actions

􀀻 Close off the area

􀀻 Pull fire alarm and evacuate building

􀀻 Call University Police or 9-911 (from a Campus phone) or 911

 

4. Response to Minor Radioactive Spills

Minor spills are those spills of a few micro-curies of activity where the radionuclide does not become airborne and emergencies where there is no personal injury. Lab personnel can utilize a spill response kit to handle most minor spills.

a. Prevent Spread of Contamination

  • (1) Immediately notify all persons in room or area about the spill.

  • (2) Limit access to the area of the spill to those persons needed for cleanup purposes. Do not let other persons into the area until spill is decontaminated.

    (3) Confine spill and prevent spread of contamination, (i.e., cover the spill with absorbent materials). If a liquid spilled from an intact container, return container to the upright using gloves or a lever.

    (4) If volatile (dusts, fumes, gases) materials are involved, turn off all fans and shut off room ventilation system, but keep fume hood on to keep the room under negative pressure.

    (5) Limit the movement of persons involved who may be contaminated, and do not them leave area until they are surveyed for contamination.

    (6) Survey potentially contaminated personnel. If the spill is on clothing, remove / cut contaminated clothing, and package it separately as radioactive. If skin is contaminated, immediately wash it with water and soap.

    (7) Survey the entire area and mark contaminated areas using magic markers.

    b. Pre-Decontamination Procedures

    (1) Wear protective attire (heavy-duty rubber gloves, lab coat, safety glasses, footwear).

    (2) Re-evaluate (i.e., monitor) the extent of the contamination, survey the entire lab/area. Make sure all contaminated areas are identified and marked.

    (3) Make a decontamination plan. What to clean first, how many people need to be involved, who should remain in clean area to bring supplies... etc.

    c. Decontamination

    (1) Clean wet spills or wet contamination using absorbent paper/towels by wiping it. Start at the outside edge of the spill and work inward. After the liquid is cleaned, treat the residue as dry contamination (see next item).

    (2) For dry contamination, dampen absorbent paper towel and/or the contaminated surface. (Generally, water may be used, except where a chemical reaction with the water could generate an air contaminant or a chemical or physical hazard. Mineral oil or another predetermined organic solvent should then be used.)

    (3) Wipe down area starting at the outside edge of the contaminated area and working inward.

    (4) Powder or resin bead spills, do not dry mop it. If dusts are possible, wear appropriate respiratory protection, and decontaminate using a high efficiency HEPA filter vacuum. If HEPA-filtered vacuum is not available, carefully dampen the contaminated area making sure the solution used (e.g., water, vinegar, etc.) does not react with the spill.

    (5) Once moistened, clean using the procedures for a wet spill.

    (6) Dispose of the absorbent paper into yellow plastic radioactive waste bags after each use; mark the waste with "Caution Radioactive Material" tape. Decontamination solutions must not be allowed to drip onto other surfaces.

     

    d. Decontamination Supplies

    (1) Yellow plastic bags, "Caution Radioactive Material" tape, absorbent materials (e.g., absorbent paper, "floor dry"), decontamination detergents (e.g., mild soap, lava, vinegar), and rope or tape, bucket of water, decontamination solutions, scrubbers, brushes, mops....etc.

    (2) Protective clothing, heavy duty plastic gloves or a box of disposable gloves, lab coat, footwear, and safety glasses.

    (3) Portable radiation survey meter, swipes and alcohol (to moisten wipes).

     

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